HDL Cholesterol - (High Density Lipoprotein, or 'Good' Cholesterol)
What is good cholesterol (HDL)?
HDL cholesterol (high-density lipoprotein, or "good" cholesterol) has vascular protective effects:
- Removes LDL cholesterol from the arteries; moves it to the liver
- Has antioxidant effect on LDL particles
- Reduces inflammatory process of atherosclerosis
- Reduces tendency for clot formation
- Reduces artery constriction
- Avoids cellular growth in wound areas
- Promotes vasodilation
What is the recommended level of HDL cholesterol?
The higher your HDL cholesterol, the better:
- A level higher than 60 mg/dl: considered to have a protective effect against coronary heart disease.
- 40-59 mg/dl: in ideal circumstances, this level should be higher.
- Below 40 mg/dl is considered a risk factor for coronary disease.
What conditions are associated with low levels of "good" cholesterol (HDL)?