Message from Dr. Yolimar Meza, President of the Venezuelan Heart Foundation, in recognition of World Heart Day.
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in Venezuela and the world, although these can be prevented by attending a healthy lifestyle, which implies a good diet, exercise and eliminate the vices or dependencies.
The World Heart Federation has found that heart disease and stroke are the world’s leading cause of death, killing 17.1 million people each year – that’s more than deaths from cancer, HIV, AIDS and malaria.
Data recently published by the American Heart Association in January 2015, report that by 2014, cardiovascular diseases accounted for 30% of all causes of mortality in that country, persisting as the leading cause of death among the inhabitants of this country. region.
It is important to highlight the similarity with the figures reported in Latin American countries, such as Venezuela, where cardiovascular diseases account for 31.2% of overall mortality.
Overeating, lack of exercise, unhealthy diets and high blood pressure, cholesterol, high glucose levels and smoking are all factors that can trigger heart disease and endanger our own lives and those of our loved ones dear ones In Venezuela, the epidemiological burden of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases remains high. Highlighting the 5 main cardiovascular risk factors we find the following data:
Of the factors mentioned, four are related to food: obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes. In the case of the latter, in Venezuela “there is a prevalence close to 10% and it is also related to bad eating habits of carbohydrates and very sweet foods. Although diabetes is a hereditary disease, a favorable environment for this pathology is to take an inadequate diet, which means that the number of diabetics can increase.
You also have to take care of your salt intake, especially when you have high blood pressure, and take care not to exceed 5 grams a day, especially in industrialized foods that contain sodium chloride for longer storage.
Each person must know their risk levels and we recommend, at least once a year, a medical check-up, if they do not have any pathology. From the preventive point of view, we suggest taking the blood pressure, knowing the cholesterol and triglyceride values in the blood, and seeing how the blood sugar is.
Other preventive tips include not smoking, promoting smoke-free environments, avoiding first contact with tobacco derivatives in children and young people, promoting a healthy lunch box in the pre-school and school population, monitoring weight and kidney function , and establish how is the Body Mass Index, the type of physical activity that leads and the level of psychosocial stress.
In the framework of World Heart Day activities will be developed to promote healthy hearts. Government and non-governmental organizations will conduct careers, detect risk factors, talks, shows and exhibitions, to name some of the interesting and informative events that mark the day.
Finally, we invite you to participate in all activities in Venezuela on Sunday, September 27, 2015, that the Venezuelan Heart Foundation and the Venezuelan Society of Cardiology have to commemorate this day at national level and in conjunction with their member organizations. For more information, contact Dr. Yolimar Meza, President of the Venezuelan Heart Foundation, at firstname.lastname@example.org.